Yorkshire Terrier Care Sheet
These are a few of the topics that I cover in an Information Packet for new moms and dads. I feel it is important to consider these issues as you consider purchasing a Yorkie puppy. Some of these may seem obvious, but sometimes even the obvious is overlooked.
Stress and Hypoglycemia:
Yorkies, especially very small Yorkies, take a lot of time and care. They must eat to prevent hypoglycemia, (low blood sugar). Hypoglycemia, is generally brought on by stress or over activity. It is my suggestion to always keep a tube of Nutri-cal on hand which I provide when puppy goes home with new owners.
"Hypoglycemia or Low Blood Sugar
can be caused by stress, improper diet or a missed meal, being chilled, or too much energy being used during the day playing too long at one time. Puppies that usually are affected are the toy breeds at six weeks to 12 weeks old. The liver stores energy, but in a small puppy it can not store enough for long periods, especially with additional stress factors. Signs of this can be as slight as a depressed attitude or as serious to finding your puppy in a coma. Treatment can be as simple as giving a small amount of Karo Syrup or Nutri-Cal for a mild case to a Dextrose Solution intravenously by your Veterinarian. If you suspect this condition, consult your Veterinarian for even a mild case. Repeated episodes can lead to further more severe complications."
Treats and Toys:
They can choke easily, so the toys and chewies need to be watched. I don't personally give my Yorkies Raw hide based products as treats. The rawhide can swell in their stomach's and make it hard to pass through or they can choke. Instead; I give my yorkies 100 % lambs lung treats or 100% natural chicken sticks, Merrick's 100% Natural Beef Treats, Natural Dog Liver Treats such as Zuke's or Natural Cow Hooves for teething and chewing. Make sure to watch and dispose of any small pieces so that your Yorkie won't choke. We do not recommend giving Pig Ears or Bully Sticks due to that when left unattended bacteria tends to grow on them and they have been known to give intestinal infections in small dogs. It is important to read your labels and watch when cow hooves get to small. That is when it's time to discard them and obtain a new one. I don't give the Cow Hooves that are stuffed with Raw Hide or anything else that I've found on the market. They can choke.
Yorkies can be very difficult to potty train to say the least. It seems like they are either a breeze or as difficult as can be. The kidneys are not fully developed in a young dog, so don't get too upset about accidents. It's going to depend largely on the time of year and the age of the puppy as to how serious you’re going to be about training. I usually say not to expect to much from them until they are around 5-6 months of age. They can be trained prior, but it will take constant supervision.
It's important not to let the new puppy have full range of the house at first. Gate off the kitchen or other small area, if at all possible, and pick up any rugs. In the area you are keeping your puppy, you should either place newspapers in a small area or the plastic-backed potty training pads.
I have always told people to use the reward system for training. You need to take them out often especially right after eating, don't wait over five to ten minutes. After they have relieved them self, reward them with a bite (one bite) of something they love and praise them.
There's also a crate method of training. But most people cannot stand leaving the puppy in a crate, coming out only for short periods of time to go outdoors. The method you use will depend on your life style, schedule, and of course the puppy.
Yorkie pups usually start their Vaccine series at about 6-8 weeks, and are given boosters (repeated shots) every 3-4 weeks. This is done until they have reached the age of 6 months, so if you didn't purchase your Yorkie Pup until at least 3 months old, as you should, you'll only need to re-vaccinate once or twice. Then re-vaccinate on a every three year schedule. The type of vaccine your puppy receives may be determined by your life style and area you reside. It's also possible for a dog to come down with a condition it has been vaccined for; the Immune System is at different levels in all living things. Proper vitamin / mineral content reflects on overall health, including the Immunity System, which is another reason to feed quality pet foods to your puppy.
Please make sure your vet does not use Lepto in your Yorkies vaccination schedule. It can be deadly in Yorkies!
Yorkies have beautiful hair, but it does require frequent brushing and grooming. Their teeth need to be brushed regularly, and may sometimes require a professional cleaning. I use baby shampoo to bathe my yorkies due to it's gentleness. If the hair gets tangled then you can spray some De-tanglar conditioner for babies and brush through.
The most important thing to encourage ears to stand upright is keeping the excess hair trimmed.
Trimming nails should be done with each bath, if you are diligent about this, all you will need to do is remove the tips.
If you are uneasy about grooming your Yorkie, select a professional groomer who has years of expertise with toy breeds.
Yorkies need to be indoors. They don't do well left alone for long periods of time, they are family oriented, and love lots of attention. Their bones are small, and fragile, which can cause them an injury when playing with bigger or rougher animals, or jumping off furniture.
Yorkies do not require a lot of space, feed, or exercise. This makes them very popular. They are very happy being lap dogs. Even though they are small, they frequently think they are a lot bigger then they are. It is important to keep a watchful eye on your Yorkie when around other dogs. It is also important to never leave your Yorkie unattended outside, because they are so small, they can sometimes fall prey to wild animals. They can also easily be abducted due to their popularity.
These are just a few of the topics that I will cover in my information and care packet given with every adopted puppy, I provide lots of wonderful information , suggestions and my own tried and first hand experience on what works and what does not work in my Yorkies. I also have done lots of research on this breed and have asked other reputable breeders and vets and have included their suggestions and information inside too.